They were all, in their different ways, `Warmongers' who waged unnecessary wars, or used a grossly disproportionate amount of force. In modern times (since 1648), many other leaders across the world have also been `warmongers' for the same reasons. Some of these individuals were bloodthirsty, some reckless, but most were badly informed or just foolish. An underlying theme is that all these shows of force have rebounded on the perpetrator (or, in one case, very nearly did so). The warmongers also share other features, and five in particular that are identified in this book, which explain why they fought unnecessary wars, and which will give clues to when unnecessary wars of the future will be fought.
Warmongers is designed to challenge assumptions and to provoke discussion about when and in what circumstances force is ever really justified - so pertinent at a time of ongoing war in, and war-weariness about, Syria and Afghanistan.