A spectre is haunting Europe - the spectre of communism. So opens the political pamphlet The Communist Manifesto by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, which was to become one of the most important and influential publications in the history of literature. In 1914 Vladimir Lenin would declare: with the clarity and brilliance of genius, this work outlines a new world-conception.
Presented in four sections, as a way to explain and promote philosophy of communism, the Manifesto expounds the idea that the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles and ends triumphantly by calling for working men of all countries unite.
Published more than one hundred and fifty years ago, and with many still living under regimes influenced by communist ideas, The Communist Manifesto is a document with enduring political relevance.